1959, us nuclear program to China, covering 117 cities, see if there is your hometown


If there is one thing in the world that a country would be afraid of, with serious consequences, it would be close contact with a nuclear bomb.As for the more serious, it’s two.Immoral or not, everyone agrees that nuclear deterrence has been the best way to keep the world peaceful since the end of The Second World War, after seeing hundreds of thousands of people on an island nation vanish in a single moment.On December 22, 2015, the National Security Archive quietly revealed a “nuclear war plan” issued in 1959 during the Cold War.In this plan, the US government planned to drop at least 3400 nuclear bombs on 1,200 cities of the Soviet Union and other red regimes in the world after the outbreak of the “war”, so as to destroy the main “opponents” in the world at one stroke. Among them, at least 870 bombs were aimed at 117 large and medium-sized cities in China, a non-nuclear country.How close was the New China to a nuclear strike?And who protected the immature China under the huge shadow of “nuclear deterrent”?The answer may be simple, but the story behind it is anything but ordinary.1. The so-called “nuclear deterrence”, in short, means that a country or a political group, in order to achieve the established political purpose, displays nuclear force or prepares to use nuclear weapons to deter the action of the other party.The word “nuclear deterrent” spread like wildfire after nuclear weapons were unleashed on Japanese soil in August 1945 and quickly became one of the most coveted and feared terms of the post-World War II era.For the United States, the Soviet Union was always an enemy.Cold War was a general term for the political, economic and regional military conflicts between the United States and the Soviet Union in the last century. However, even before the end of World War II, the western capitalist world’s heartfelt fear of “socialism” had made the United States regard the Soviet Union as its biggest enemy after the end of world War II.Since it is an enemy, the “nuclear deterrence strategy” will naturally be put on the “agenda” of the US government as a possible last resort in accordance with the long-standing “pre-emptive” national policy of the US.On March 5, 1946, in fact, Churchill Fulton city of Westminster college in the United States published the famous “iron curtain” speech, straight-tempered direct showdown between Stalin and harry Truman, in June 1946, through the joint chiefs of staff requirements, once war broke out, quickly to nuclear strike “iron clamp plan” in the great cities of the Soviet union.Time came in 1949, the successful design of the Soviet nuclear weapons expected to break the “nuclear monopoly” in the United States, but at the same time the pressure surge of U.S. nuclear strike capability from the Soviet union under the weight of rapid ascension, in this context, “Troy” plan, “extortion” plan on nuclear attack plan to Sue, its scale is increasingly rampant.But then again, to the United States, not just the Soviet Union, but virtually every red regime on earth was an enemy.The Korean war is a “family” to develop into a “local war” of war, in the war, the south Korean cried out, “father save me” to the United States and the “elder”, the Korean hit the other is in danger of banner, failed to attract the Soviet union’s direct help, found in the next performance will be “how to even pick to South Korea and the United Nations 17 TangKou strongest surface light infantry.”MacArthur, known as the “Father of the Republic of Korea”, “five-star Emperor”, during his command of the Korean War, the character since birth with a headstrong guy because of repeated volunteer army “teach life”, once “insane”, Shouting “30-50 atomic bombs to China”;”Create a radioactive cobalt barrier on the Border with North Korea” is enough to start three world wars.Truman then removed the man the Japanese fools once called “god” as commander in chief of the “United Nations forces” and replaced him with the more secure Lichtwee.Of course, MacArthur’s departure does not mean that the United States does not support the “nuclear strike” strategy that MacArthur called it.Eisenhower, a military man, won the 1952 election.Then his defeat in The Korean War gave him a clear understanding of the limits of America’s conventional military power in the current era.As a result, he became obsessed with the “theory of total nuclear war”, which he pushed to its climax when revising the strategy of his predecessor, Harry Truman.In 1953, with Eisenhower’s strong support, the United States passed another document called “Strategy of Massive Retaliation” on the basis of the original act.According to the then US Secretary of State John Dulles, the so-called “large-scale retaliation strategy” is: the US national conditions determine that we need to have a huge retaliation force, which can use the weapons we choose and the place we choose to retaliate immediately.In other words, the Eisenhower administration’s strategy “bet” on nuclear weapons.In 1956, the ninth year of the Cold War, the AIR Force Strategic Command prepared a “top secret plan” to anticipate a possible future nuclear war.2. The 1959 Atomic Bomb Requirements Study, as the plan was formally called, listed in great detail the 1,200 cities that would need to be attacked with nuclear weapons once the war began.DGZ stands for Designated Ground Zero, which translates as “The Designated Ground Zero.”In the plan, the United States prepared more than 3,400 DGZS for the Soviet Union, the Soviet “satellite states” in central and eastern Europe, North Korea, and China. The United States planned to drop at least 870 nuclear bombs of various types on China in 1959, based on one bomb per detonation point.As you can see from the above map of China’s administrative divisions in 1959, the number of Chinese cities and provinces exposed to the U.S. government’s plan for a nuclear attack in that year is clear, with darker colors indicating more nuclear attacks.Among them, Shanghai, an important port city as China’s economic center and one of the residences of the East China Sea Fleet, bears the brunt in terms of the density of original explosion points in the region.From that plan, we learned that in Shanghai’s 6,340.5 square kilometers of land, the United States had fully deployed 82 nuclear bombs ten times the yield of Hiroshima “Little Boy”, as if to “surrender the whole Shanghai to the sea”.At the same time, liaoning, one of the three eastern provinces, has the largest number of explosive sites in China’s equivalent administrative divisions.When chairman MAO during a visit to Harbin for the first time put forward the northeast is the eldest son of the republic of this concept, because it is the earliest liberation, the Soviet union big brother is close, also have “left over from the industrial base of the Japanese invaders, among them, liaoning and subtle because of geographical advantage to become” the eldest son of the republic of “the outstanding person.During the First Five-Year Plan period, liaoning was home to 24 of the 156 major projects launched by the People’s Republic of China, 17 percent of the country’s raw coal, 27 percent of its electricity generation and 60 percent of its steel production. Liaoning was also the home of the first batch of steel, the first aircraft and the first giant ship in the industrial history of the People’s Republic of China.That would explain the 157 nukes assigned to Liaoning.When it comes to importance, we have to mention our capital, Beijing.In the notes to the plan, the Americans assigned a number — 44 for Shenyang, the capital of Liaoning Province, 28 for Shanghai, locked up with 82 nuclear bombs — to the importance of each city they targeted, and 13 for Beijing, the country’s most important city.In the “affirmation” of the enemy, the importance of the capital to a nation is again self-evident.Interestingly, in addition to designating major provincial capitals and other well-known large and medium-sized cities as targets for nuclear attacks, the Americans also designated a number of now-obscure cities in their original plan.Why did they attack places like Gejiu in Yunnan province, Beipiao in Liaoning Province, and Dongjing in Heilongjiang Province?The answer is simple and brutal, the US should try its best to disrupt China and destroy China’s war potential.It is like gejiu, a city that most Chinese people outside Yunnan have hardly heard of until now, yet in the American plan, two nuclear bombs were deployed there.Why is that?Gejiu is known as the “tin capital” in China and abroad because it is a metallurgical industry city that produces lead, zinc, copper and other nonferrous metals, mainly tin.So the US is going to destroy it.Another example is Ya ‘an, which is a mountain city. If it had not experienced a terrible earthquake in the past, perhaps not many of us would know its name. However, two nuclear bombs were deployed here by the Americans.Because Ya ‘an is the transportation hub of Chengdu plain into Tibet, is the starting point of sichuan-Tibet tea horse ancient road.Just think, when the Americans proposed this plan in 1956, was Tibet really peaceful after its peaceful liberation?Don’t.At that time, the Dalai Lama was still thinking of his “independence on the plateau”, so in the context of the sino-Soviet war between the United States and China, did the fall of Ya ‘an, the hub of Tibet, represent the “grand wish” of the “Buddhist State” again?At this point, it is natural to feel America’s insanity again.3. “Nuclear blackmail”, an important branch of the theory of “nuclear deterrence”, refers to a country or military group with nuclear strike force that uses its nuclear weapons to intimidate or threaten other countries under the background of nuclear attack.There are few effective ways to counter “nuclear blackmail”. The most effective is “mutually assured destruction”, that is, mutual possession of nuclear weapons.At the start of the Korean War, Truman told the world in a press conference: “If China enters a war on the Korean Peninsula, the United States will use any weapons necessary.”When asked if it included the atomic bomb, Truman replied, “Any, do you know what any means?”Yes, this was the “method” he used to prevent the Chinese People’s Volunteers from going to Korea to fight in the war. It was naked “nuclear blackmail”.In the face of nuclear blackmail, Chairman MAO shouted slogans such as “he used his atomic bombs and I used my grenades”, exposing the nature of the “paper tiger” of the American empire.But at the same time, we cannot deny that the atomic bomb is so powerful that its very existence is enough to be a kind of “nation-building”.That is why Chairman MAO made a strategic decision to develop atomic bombs at an enlarged meeting of the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee at the end of January 1954 when the Korean War came to an end.Once upon a time, Khrushchev finally agreed to give new China “appropriate” nuclear weapons technology after a long negotiation with us, and as for what is appropriate, just as Soviet experts told us at that time: the Soviet Union has hydrogen bomb, which can completely protect China, and China does not need to build ten million tons.To this, our response to the Soviet experts was an old Chinese saying: it is better to have your mother than your father.Yes, about the Soviet union had the world’s biggest equivalent hydrogen bombs that, we do not deny that, but the Soviet union can always have the hydrogen bomb, and China can only have the Soviet union “lend” the hydrogen bomb, the Soviet union says she can serve as China’s umbrella, this umbrella but who can guarantee won’t be in the future one day become a sword Pierce the throat?No sword and no sword are two different things.Between the late 1950 s, as a result of the sino-soviet “joint fleet”, “three and”, “revisionist” and a series of issues have serious differences, the relationship is eventually after a brief honeymoon period into the trough, the Soviet union of relief withdrew all experts in China, withdrew all aid project, natural including “nuclear physics research.Soviet union experts removed that world, besides us Su Ying, even French nuclear weapons are still at the development stage, and then the new China has just completed first five-year plan “, the country’s industrialization level is still in its infancy, you’re welcome, when China was poor, or almost a backward agricultural country.However, it was under such difficult conditions that the soldiers in the Gobi Desert had no complaints or regrets. The key stage of nuclear weapons development coincided with the “three years of natural disasters” that the country suffered. When supplies were not available, the soldiers dug wild vegetables, ate leaves and drank salt and alkali water, leaving adequate rations for scientific research workers.And the “Two bombs, one star” and other researchers were willing to spend their lives in anonymity, they worked out enough paper to cover the whole Lop Nur, using an abacus to type out the correct data, Soviet experts said that “it would take two years to complete without a computer.””The sea of death has jade pulp, and tianshan Mountain is the screen kunlun barrier.One hundred thousand miles north and south, dare to ask what thunder ring.”This poem was written by General Feng Shi, played by Li Xuejian, a teacher in the film “Born in the Sky”. It expresses general Feng Shi’s ardent expectation of the atomic bomb playing in Lop Nur, and also expresses everyone’s expectation of the successful development of nuclear weapons in that year.On October 16, 1964, an apple tree in the vast Gobi Desert of Lop Nur took off its branches and grew strong and strong. The hope of ten years had finally borne fruit.10, 9, 8……Three, two, one, detonate.When the atomic bomb bloomed the light that eclipsed the sun, the scene was just like chairman MAO’s 1935 “Nianjiao Kunlun” in a word: “Suddenly came out of the sky, Mang Kunlun, read all the spring scenery of the world.Three million jade dragon fly, stir up the sky.Summer melt, rivers overflow, people or for fish and turtles.Thousands of years of meritorious deeds, who has commented?Now I say to Kunlun: not so high, not so snowy.An drew his sword and cut thee in three?One is left in Europe, one is given to the United States, and one is returned to the East.Peace world, the world with the same cold heat.Since then, historians have divided The history of China into two sections to write, and the new China, which has been a young country for 15 years, has finally changed from seeking survival to seeking development.Finally, in the face of the “massive retaliation strategy,” in the face of the threat of “surgery,” hold your head high and say, “NO!QNMD!”

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